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by Epic (880 points)

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by Mythic (1.6k points)
Onboard graphics, integrated into the CPU or motherboard, have the advantage of being cost effective and energy efficient. They are sufficient for basic tasks like web browsing, office applications, and video playback, making them ideal for budget builds or compact systems where power consumption and space are limited.

Additionally, systems with onboard graphics tend to generate less heat and noise since they lack the large cooling solutions typically required by dedicated graphics cards.

However, onboard graphics generally lack the power needed for demanding applications such as high-end gaming, 3D rendering, and video editing. Dedicated graphics cards, on the other hand, offer significantly better performance for these tasks due to their specialized hardware and higher memory capacity.

They can handle more complex graphics and higher resolutions, providing a smoother and more detailed visual experience.

The downside is that dedicated graphics cards are more expensive, consume more power, and require more space, which can be a constraint in smaller cases. They also generate more heat and noise, necessitating better cooling solutions.
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